Jul 06 in the presence of a normal , the requirement for therapies to avoid this, · Vasoplegia is an abnormally low systemic vascular resistance ( SVR) that is manifest as profound hypotension increased cardiac output ( Fig. Physiologically venous pressures ( RAP) to the cardiac output [ SVR = ( MAP.
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The pathophysiology of the link between diabetes and cardiovascular disease ( CVD) is complex and multifactorial. Understanding these profound mechanisms of disease can help clinicians identify and treat CVD in patients with diabetes, as well as help patients prevent these potentially devastating complications. Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction ( HFpEF) is a form of heart failure in which the ejection fraction - the percentage of the volume of blood ejected from the left ventricle with each heartbeat divided by the volume of blood when the left ventricle is maximally filled - is normal, defined as greater than 50% ; this may be measured by echocardiography or cardiac catheterization.
Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS in which activated immune cells invade the central nervous system and cause inflammation, neurodegeneration, and tissue damage.